Veterans Choice Overbilled By ‘Tens Of Millions,’ Grand Jury Investigates

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Veterans Choice Overbilled

An audit of two Veterans Choice billing contractors found the duo overbilled VA by “tens of millions” triggering a federal grand jury investigation.

VA OIG audited the billing practices of two Veterans Choice Program contractors responsible for processing payments from VA to non-VA health care providers.

That audit investigated the practices of TriWest Healthcare Alliance and Health Net Federal Service, the two vendors primarily responsible for processing billing resulting in numerous delays in veterans receiving needed non-VA health care. IG reported that the duo collected at least $89 million more than they should have.

RELATED: VA Nurse Implicated In Veteran Death

Some of you may recall Veterans Choice was created because veterans could not get timely access to doctors. How many doctors can you hire with $89 million? Quite a few.

Four Bad Billing Practices Of Veterans Choice Vendors

Four troubling practices resulting in windfalls for the companies were:

  • Duplicate errors: The VA got billed more than once for specific medical services.
  • Health insurance errors: The VA was billed for services covered by private insurance payments.
  • Pass-through errors: The VA was billed more than private medical providers had been paid for their services.
  • Rate errors: The companies did not require medical providers to pay according to rates set by Medicare or contracts.

Since the finding, Health Net was instructed to reimburse $50.8 million. TriWest also reportedly owes $38.9 million.

VA Lets Itself Get Ripped Off

“Our audit staff has attributed these errors to the lack of an appropriate payments process for Choice claims and an inefficient internal control system,” wrote Missal. “As a result, we estimate that (the VA) overpaid the (contractors) by tens of millions of dollars.”

Due to payment backlogs, VA stopped reviewing bills and invoicing submitted by Health Net and TriWest to instead allow them to submit compensation as a “bulk payment.”

RELATED: VA Busted On Mental Health Numbers

By August, the two companies collected $2 billion in compensation for charges that were not scrutinized in any manner. VA reportedly took no steps to protect against overpayment or fraud.

TriWest apparently detected a problem and hired a consultant to determine whether the company overbilled VA.

The takeaway here is that VA had no idea it was overbilled by tens of millions of dollars and it took an external consult of a vendor to assess the scope of the overbilling. Imagine what could have happened had TriWest not noticed the extra $40 million?

Now, I am not sure about you, but as a business owner, if an extra $40 million ended up in my account, I am not sure what company would not have noticed a problem. After all, it’s not like TriWest gets a tip for doing a good job, like a waitress or some other service professions.

Source: https://www.va.gov/oig/pubs/admin-reports/VAOIG-17-00000-379.pdf

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Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

I do like that title “Veterans Choice Overbilled By ‘Tens Of Millions,’ Grand Jury Investigates”. But lets face it the title is not telling the full story about McCain’s Tri-West or Health Net.

No doubt there are hundreds of millions of dollars that have been paid to Tri-West and Health Net that has never been sent to the service providers. So now we have thousands of Veterans being forced to pay those bills that were suppose to be paid by Tri-West and Health Net.

namnibor
namnibor

Today’s topic reinforces my hypothesis that absolute corruption such as the VA corrupts absolutely…now those Choice Billing Partners were likely greedy scumbags before Choice Contracts, but they got hungrier and greedier via exposure to the master assholes at the VA swamp. Drop a truckload of ‘Care Bears’ into the VA and I propose that before lunch hour those Care Bears will have been corrupted and found ribbing all the vending machines and likely the pharmacy. ACCA=”Absolute Corruption Corrupts Absolutely” (think bad apples)

namnibor
namnibor

**robbing** not *ribbing*, but who knows? They’re GMO Care Bears.

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

Ben has a link to a Department of Veterans Affairs Memorandum signed by Michael J. Missal the VAIG Dated September 12, 2017. The memorandum has some key information on why the contractors were unable to set up reasonable ‘networks of providers’ able to provide adequate care for Veterans.

While the VA was paying these contractors Medicare Rates for Medical Care the contractors were only sending Veterans to providers that would sign contracts to accept payments lower than Medicare Rates. The contractors were then allowed to keep the difference.

No wonder why normal Medicare Providers refused to work with the contractors.

91Veteran
91Veteran
I like the idea that someone somewhere saw enough evidence of wrong doing to take it to a grand jury….which, now that I think of it, doesn’t square with the article. If TriWest discovered this on their own, why would any evidence be presented to a grand jury? Are there claims of no wrong doing? Or are they disputing the amounts? Or is there some other reason? I will have to read the report later since I would also like to know how they determined it was an over bill. Was it a case of TriWest or Health Net having… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

The info that took it to the Grand Jury Level was provided by an anonymous online poster at a web blog. The following post is an extract of the news article Ben links to in his blog article. The post should answer most of your questions.

But the post raises more questions about why Michael J. Missal issued his memorandum making Tri-West look like good guys for reporting the overpayments.

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
The article that Ben linked to is: “Arizona-based VA contractor collected ‘tens of millions’ in over payments, federal audit says” Dennis Wagner, The Republic | azcentral.comPublished 11:54 a.m. MT Nov. 13, 2017 “http://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/arizona-investigations/2017/11/13/va-inspectors-question-millions-dollars-paid-triwest-veterans-healthcare-contract/737341001/” That article contained the following section of information on how the case led to the Grand Jury “Anonymous comments lead to subpoena” “The grand jury inquiry was the subject of a 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals decision last week in favor of prosecutors who are seeking “witnesses to potential unlawful conduct.” According to the appellate ruling, the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Phoenix obtained a subpoena in… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
Another section of the article Ben linked: “Contractor’s past missteps” TriWest, incorporated in Delaware, is operated by a consortium of nonprofits. The founder, McIntyre, is a former aide to Sen. John McCain, R-Ariz., who has been a staunch advocate for the Choice Program. This is not the first time TriWest’s billing methods have come under scrutiny. In 2011, the company paid $10 million to settle a Justice Department lawsuit that alleged the company “systematically defrauded” the TRICARE health system for uniformed military personnel. In that case, the company was accused of multiple improper billing tactics similar to those reported by… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
What is really interesting in the article is the following section from it. “TriWest: ‘We’re the ones’ who caught error” “He asserted that TriWest brought the over-payments to light in a July letter to the VA, identifying 58,000 incorrect medical claims that netted $35 million. About $13 million of that sum already has been paid back, he said. “We’re the ones who actually brought it to the government’s attention,” McIntyre said. “We were seeking a process to return the funds. There was no process in place. We now have returned some of the money.” In written statements, VA representatives said… Read more »
namnibor
namnibor

Makes one wonder if they only got “caught” or “turned-in” by someone that found out they could recover a % of recovered Gov’t. fraud, waste and abuse of funds…it exists, and the pot is large and gold and could very well see months down line they disclose it was an inside job all along…milking the cookie jars dry, milking paul to milk and pay peter…

CorpsmanUp!
CorpsmanUp!

I live in Delaware. If you need any paperwork served on someone, let me know. Delaware is a corporate haven for corruption.

91Veteran
91Veteran

Good to know it just wasn’t the IG figuring out how to do their jobs.

Interesting though that they chose to investigate a whistle blowers post rather than firing the whistle blower.

91Veteran
91Veteran
Seymore, thanks for pointing that out. I skipped over the link, but have read it now. WOW that article is eye-opening. I get the impression whoever made the Glass door post tipped off the media to it since the reporters questions to the TriWest CEO suggested that. That makes me wonder if the Glassdoor poster was the one who called the IG, and saw nothing happen. It shows just how pathetic congressional oversight and the IG office is. Roe can write letters and the IG office can investigate for 18 months, but a Glassdoor post gets them to finally move… Read more »
namnibor
namnibor

Pretty sure tech exists where Isaacson could dictate a letter while not missing a step on his Stairmaster, or something that rhymes with dictate.

Sandy Hale, Retired Nurse, combat veteran
Sandy Hale, Retired Nurse, combat veteran
I’m sure its more than that and I know why….The neurologist Veteran’s Choice sent me to wanted me to sign three papers that I refused to sign: 1) Agreement that I allow anyone in their entire Neuro practice group do anything they want to do, so I have no say so and can’t say NO to anything, they just do it; 2) Agreement that I would pay for anything not covered by VA insurance, which includes them bouncing consults around to each other and their friends, unnecessary tests and procedures and overbilling appointments and whatever, so I pay and the… Read more »
namnibor
namnibor

There’s “Overbilling” then there’s “Intentional Fraud”, and I am going with the intentional option to defraud and flock and fleece the taxpayers with the VETERAN being the golden magic ticket…then we Vets have our credit ruined, then not too many Dr.’s even accepting Medicare for payment want to even deal with Choice…why?….because of fucking nonpayment….but someone’s pockets are getting thicker…anyone owning mutual funds with Choice Billing Partners on the coffers…a LOT of congress critters…

Crazy elf
Crazy elf
“…VA had no idea it was overbilled by tens of millions of dollars…” and not one person noticed it? Give me a freaking break! Does anyone actually believe this crap? It kinda reminds me of where $9 million was spent by some people, to receive a “FAKE DOSSIER” on another person, and no one knows anything about it! This government must really think the American People have been so “dumbed down”, they can commit crimes out in the open! Well, guess what. The government HAS been committing crimes, in the open, for some time. And, “We the People” have been… Read more »
namnibor
namnibor

IBM Watson and the VA are only partnered to detect Veteran Travel Pay Fraud….down to the penny, it does not work the other way up food chain.

Nexdeceptus
Nexdeceptus

AAAAAHAAAAAHAAAAAHAAAAA!!! Boy that’s a knee slapper. The kings of scamming, deceit, and remorseful theft catch someone else with their hand in THEIR cookie jar. I think this just the tip of the iceberg. It usually is. Close, lock and seal your doors, the shit’s gonna get deeper!

Nexdeceptus
Nexdeceptus

Sorry, (Remorseless)

namnibor
namnibor

But no morsel or crumb left in cookie jar for payment for services, a bit like ‘The Grinch That Stole Christmas”.

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

Namnibor you said “But no morsel or crumb left in cookie jar for payment for services”.

That may be because the engineers saw installing a bottom on the Veterans Choice cookie jar as an obstacle to success in self enrichment.

namnibor
namnibor

What IS at bottom is as Ross Perot famously dubbed it, ‘That giant sucking sound’…If VA Sec. Shulkin were serious about saving $ and fixing the damn VA, he needn’t look any further than EVERY CONTRACT the VA has outsourced…then ASK WHY we are even paying the lazy engorged purple team assholes to do as LITTLE as they actually do? Hmmmm. This care bear is pissed.

Crazy elf
Crazy elf

Seymore and namnibor,
I wonder how much of those taxpayers monies, from the two contractors of Choice, went into that “Newly Formed Foundation of “Songbird” McCain?”
Anyone want to wager that their bank account[s] got fatter?

ANutterVet
ANutterVet

I’ll bet you counted all the A’s to make sure all groups had 5 of them. Didn’t you? lol – – – Nutter.

Peter Kreutzfeldt
Peter Kreutzfeldt

nothing will come of this. “THEY ARE TO BIG TO FAIL”
in the interim vets with medical needs are hanging around until they get tired of it all and check out

91Veteran
91Veteran
If only the VA were as adversarial with their contractor billing as they are with veterans claims. The VA just does not give a shit about certain budgets they are given, particularly Choice. Shovel money out the door to politically connected cronies, then go ask the cronies buddy in congress for more. What does it say about Health Net that TriWest caught this overbilling and Health Net didn’t say a word, although they collected millions more? What does it say about the entire Choice program and oversight of it that the contractors can over bill $90 million, but providers wait… Read more »
TaB
TaB

THANK YOU!!!

The VA fights tooth and nail in issuing benefits to veterans….but this overbilling “somehow” passed over their heads?!?

Donald Avant

Shaking my head AGAIN at the VAs’ MONUMENTAL incompetence…But what should we expect from an entity that can’t even do that most basic of business practices, ANSWEER THE PHONE ? ? ?

ed mays

Exactly. I jump thru hoops every time trying to get through to a specialty clinic.

Donald Avant

Another point would be why were they even given the contract in the first place since they were already busted before? Why do they STILL have the contract? The “We Don’t have anyone else to do the job…” argument doesn’t fly. If they were able to rebuild after the problem before, SOMEONE ELSE, possibly someone competent and honest, could have been found…Problem is, that makes too much sense…

91Veteran
91Veteran

You are right Don, that excuse does not fly.

Since they are paying at Medicare rates anyway, why not cut out the skimming middle man and give the budget to Medicare, then issue all vets Medicare cards with a VA designation?

There is zero need for TriWest or Health Net to be involved other than to skim the budget.

91Veteran
91Veteran

What is the Choice count up to now? Originally I heard $15 billion, then it changed to $17 billion, then another $2-3 billion was added. Am I missing anything?

$90 million seems like a rounding error when you are talking $20 billion. It makes me wonder how many more millions in fraud are waiting to be found.

Found by someone other than the VA.

CorpsmanUp!
CorpsmanUp!
The key is to find out “who” these contractors are and find out the nexus to VA and their business. Stirring contracts toward family and friends is enough to warrant indictments. But of course the fake Oig and the Department of Jackasses will do absolutely nothing. The scheme with DOJ could easily parrot the scheme VA has been doing regarding bonuses.. Investigations cost money, so if they don’t investigate, no money is lost. That is a systemic government problems, that the VA bonus for metrics exposed. Remember, every Government Agency Head is in line of succession to the President. These… Read more »
Crazy elf
Crazy elf

It just keeps getting better and better!
“UNCLE SAM WANTS YOU!”

From; “End Times Prophesy”
Titled;

“Army lifts ban on cutters, mentally ill and drug abusers to meet recruiting goals!”

Published on 14 November 2017
The first 6 minutes are about this issue.

Crazy elf
Crazy elf

P.S.
Could it be our government is moving closer to a “draft”?

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

With them getting ready to come out with the new military id chip implant most likely they will go to a requirement of military service like some other nations.

That will also include all males, women and She-he-its.

namnibor
namnibor

Not any mortal on earth is going to be able to successfully force me via a requirement to have a damn implant of anything. Way too ‘1984’ for me and am sure the chip comes with the Bluetooth option activation of a fatal aneurism, when and if required. ZAPP. No thanks.

namnibor
namnibor

I’ll simply claim by religious convictions alone, no fucking implant for me.

ANutterVet
ANutterVet

Oh my, we can’t get together as a force to stop VA from murder, its inside corruptions, and crimes, but do you think Vets will stand up against id chipping in order to use VA Claims and Health Care Services? – – – Nutter.

james gallegos

if companies like these guys, over charged millions, say for a span of 2 years how much interest would they accrue, 1 ,million 2 million. interest. get caught and that is free money.

who at the va has been held accountable ? ask any va official they will say I don’t know that happened before we were in charge.

Kat
Kat
Now that’s explains why I have thousands upon thousands of unpaid medical bills that have been piling up for the last 3 1/2 years. I cannot begin to tell you how many times I have jumped down the throat of Glenn Gray- Customer Care for Tri West because the bills weren’t being paid. I remember all so well about what Glenn had told me that Tri West and the VA do not get along, they can’t stand each other let alone can’t stand working with each other. That’s explains it! Because of this “overpayment” I now see the Choice Program… Read more »
ANutterVet
ANutterVet

Are you surprised? Pennies to the VA are like $MILLIONS$, and $MILLIONS$ are like $BILLIONS$. VA needs to be Audited. And, I still believe that if one is performed, the Audit would reveal $Billions$ in recoverable funds. That’s it. Simple, yes? No? What then?

Overpayments, murder, drug theft, vacations, bonuses, ice cream, and kiddie days. VA employees are adversarial (I like that word now), even against making sure that the Agency isn’t over paying for services. Wow!

No Accountability + No Audit = Wasted Days and Wasted Nights inside VA

Nuttin Butt Trueph – – – Nutter.

ANutterVet
ANutterVet

Should be instead, “$10.00’s are like $BILLIONS$.” Miscalculation on my part. Seems to be going around these days. – – – Nutter.

CorpsmanUp!
CorpsmanUp!

This is a great blog folks,
I think we should have a daily hashtag for the VA or any of its components.
I will start with Namnibor’s #FuckTheVA line .For some reason, that cheers me up when I see itl! LOL!
Hashtag #ShulkinHasTits

ANutterVet
ANutterVet

#VAStopFuckingOverVets – – – A tell all name. I was going to register, but if you do, you have my blessing to continue in ANY measure to bitch slap the VA. Thank you very much (Mahalo Nui Loa [many thanks], indigenous language of Sandwich Islands) – – – Nutter.

paul
paul

On December 7, 2008, then-President-elect Barack Obama announced at a press conference in Chicago that he would nominate Shinseki to become the Secretary of Veterans Affairs, this was the worst day for all soldiers that went to the VA, it was like his bad decision on how to raise moral in the military by giving out the rangers beret to everyone who never earned it.

TaB
TaB

Screwing over veterans is a bipartisan activity. No change under our current administration and look at VA’s history…problems before and after Obama.

CorpsmanUp!
CorpsmanUp!

All the Seal movies coming out was a tell tale sign. A break in the code for profit of course.
Peta protesting at the goat lab was another pansy bitch ass society outcry.
DAV and the other VSOs are the main culprits, they sit idly by with their fucked up looking pizza hats and watch the carnage.

namnibor
namnibor

That entire publication/profit of Seal Team Six and BinLOUDandDeadend take-out and the one guy allowed to say shit and take a LOOK AT ME approach, made me want to puke from get-go and I could only come to conclusion it was allowed for PROPAGANDA reasons because WAR is SO MUCH fucking fun, just like a video game…and PROFITABLE…the war profiteering VA and DoD contracts and those neglected, like Choice, ensures $$$ goes into pockets and Vets left with picked-pockets.

namnibor
namnibor

Oh, maybe those funny hats ARE edible AND a floatation device, never thought of that!

VET1
VET1

But, I have VA choice bills that have yet to be paid 🙃. Soooooo, WTF over. The community providers are looking at me for payment, but I keep referring them to the payment center is Beaumont. I dare VA or the community provider to put those bills on my credit report.

The Government always wants to blame someone else for its sheer stupidity by claiming “fraud”. Guaranteed this is yet another massive VA screw up that will leave someone other than a VA employee holding the bag with jail time to boot. Shits lame.

TaB
TaB
Really? Say it isn’t so. Same thing whenever government contracts out for services…they go with some contractor who has a politician in his/her pocket who miraculously wins contract bids, despite them double billing and charging $300.00 for a pen. This is rampant in every government agency. Back to the VA… Again, allow veterans to choose his/her provider and with Capitalism the medical industry will compete for that clientle and thus improving care and lowering costs of services. With the “Choice” program you have contractors who don’t give a f- because they got the “hook-up”. Qui tam attorneys should jump on… Read more »
Dennis
Dennis

“Imagine what could have happened had TriWest not noticed the extra $40 million?”

hmmmm. Let me toss a different spin on “imagination”.

“Since TriWest admits to an ‘extra’ $40 million in overpayments, imagine how much they really raked in with this scam.”

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

Sorry Dennis but from the article Ben linked to his article.

In written statements, VA representatives said the July letter from TriWest “did not contain new information” and excess payments already had been identified. The company’s notification letter was delivered three months after the grand-jury subpoena to Glassdoor, and 18 months after inspector general inquiries began.

ANutterVet
ANutterVet
When’re we going to do something major about the unaccountability of the VA, and their life-altering, and -threatening behaviors? Something that’ll send a strong, and clear message, that we’re not going to put up with being mistreated, wasted monies due to the lack of accountability measures, poor management practices, fragmented vetting of new VA hires, substandard generic pharmaceutical and medical supplies, and that cheap single ply non-perforated toilet paper, that’s in the bathroom stalls. Plus, the VA needs to install heated toilet bowl seats in the areas of the poo compounds in all of the VA’s facilities. And, to place… Read more »
CorpsmanUp!
CorpsmanUp!

Protest in front of District court and demand they hold VA accountable. DOJ will not do it because they are responsible for defendinh them.
That is why you do not see prosecutions

ANutterVet
ANutterVet
And, I’ll deck out my wheelchair and cane, brightly covered in glaring fluorescent rainbow paint, turn on the sky spot lights, flip the switch on my LED jacket with blinking colored lights, either roll down or get pushed down the line and light the 50 sticks of Roman Candles that I staked earlier, and with those lit large phosphorous sparklers in one hand, and a bull-horn in the other, while tooting vulgarities out to the public about the VA, then the Court Police hauls me away as being only ONE disgruntled, PTSDed out, didn’t win the war anyway, Vietnam Era… Read more »
windguy
windguy

The US has two single payer medical systems – The VA and Medicare. Both are unquestionably corrupt. It’s absolutely the best way to argue against single payer systems. As if by design.

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
“US Army fails to provide medical care to experiment subject soldiers” Kim Hong-Ji / Reuters Published time: 15 Nov, 2017 00:25 “https://www.rt.com/usa/409883-army-medical-care-veterans-experiments/” Veterans’ rights groups are claiming the US Army is withholding crucial information about chemical and biological agents veterans were exposed to in experimentation. “The Army still has not provided notice to test subject veterans regarding the specific chemical and biological tests to which they were subjected — and their possible health effects,” attorney Ben Patterson of the law firm Morrison and Foerster told NPR. At least 70,000 troops were used in the experiments, a 2015 NPR report found.… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
“Army To Provide Medical Care For Thousands Of Veterans Who Were Test Subjects” Bill Chappell NPR, November 14, 2017·2:51 PM ET “https://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2017/11/14/563095946/army-to-provide-medical-care-for-thousands-of-veterans-who-were-test-subjects” After thousands of U.S. veterans won a class action suit against the military over being used in chemical and biological testing, the Army says it will pay for their medical care. But the group’s attorneys say the service is falling short of meeting its obligations and that it’s withholding details veterans are seeking about what agents they were exposed to. The Army says veterans can be treated for any injuries or diseases caused after the service used the… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

Copy of the notification at:

“https://apps.npr.org/documents/document.html?id=4211357-Army-Medicine-App-for-Medical-Care”

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly
“‘Shocking’: US congressmen want answers on claims of secret Cold War radiation tests” Published time: 3 Oct, 2017 14:44 “https://www.rt.com/usa/405550-congressmen-secret-radiation-testing/” Three US Congress members have demanded answers from Washington after a new book claims to reveal details of how the government secretly sprayed, injected, and fed radiation and other hazardous materials to “vulnerable” people during the Cold War. The congressmen’s outrage comes in response to the book ‘Behind the Fog: How the US Cold War Radiological Weapons Program Exposed Innocent Americans,’ which is said to have revealed the practices when it was published in August. Author Lisa Martino-Taylor, an associate… Read more »
Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

“Biological weapons simulation test planned in Oklahoma”
Updated: Nov 14, 2017 – 8:20 AM

“http://www.fox23.com/news/biological-weapons-simulation-test-planned-in-oklahoma/646596934”

NEWKIRK, Okla. – Quick Facts:

Department of Homeland Security plans to release chemicals to test the protection offered by buildings in Newkirk, Oklahoma.

A legal notice appeared in the local newspaper, saying the department would release “non-hazardous, non-toxic chemicals and biological materials”

The tests are planned for 2018

The data should help the department assess the impact of biological weapons

Seymore Klearly
Seymore Klearly

A notice in an Oklahoma newspaper set many Newkirk residents on edge.

The Department of Homeland Security announced the small town near the Kansas border will host a biological weapons simulation at the now-abandoned Chilocco Indian School.

In 2018, the department wants to release “non-hazardous, non-toxic” chemicals and biological materials on buildings in the area.

They want to see what might happen if a terrorist were to release similar chemicals as a biological weapon, and if buildings would offer residents any kind of protection.

Lem
Lem

“The takeaway here is that VA had no idea it was overbilled by tens of millions of dollars and it took an external consult of a vendor to assess the scope of the overbilling. ”

Of course no one is getting a kick back with a wink and nod!

Lem
Lem

Health Net made it into the top 5 government contractors in billions of dollars of contracts per year the first year of its contract.

You don’t suppose the Phoenix and Cheyenne Directors that orchestrated the crisis that led to “Choice” were able to get some laundered remuneration in their part?

Just to point out, 100 million, less than 1% charged to marketing when many corporations of that size go over 10%, will make 100 Directors millionaires if they had a way to launder the bribes.

Anyone following the money?

wpDiscuz